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CAPCELL CORE PFP instruction manual

Thank you for purchasing CAPCELL CORE PFP high performance core-shell type columns.

CAPCELL CORE PFP columns are packed with high-performance core-shell type packing material of a 2.7-µm particle (consisting of a 1.7- µm solid silica core surrounded by a 0.5-µm surface layer of porous silica), which is developed with a combination of technology for silica particle by coating with a single thin layer of silicone polymer and technology for Pentafluorophenol group bonding.

To ensure CAPCELL CORE PFP column stability and long life, please read and follow this manual carefully for the correct of use products.

1. Column Handling

  1. Handle the column with great care. Strong shock may cause damage.
  2. Attach or detach the column when the pressure gage indicates zero.
  3. Maximum column operating pressure is 60 MPa.

2. Column Installation

  1. The column joint is a male-nut type for 1/16 inch OD tubing. In the case of SUS specifications, make sure that the tubing joints of the system fit correctly and that the ferrule tips are inserted completely into the joints. (See Fig. 1.)
    Furthermore, also in the case of PEEK specifications, make sure that the tubing joints of the apparatus fit correctly and that the tube end reaches the bottom of joint
  2. Before attaching the column, displace the liquid in the system with the mobile phase to be used.
    * Verify the solvent supplied at the time of column shipment (mentioned in the enclosed column report) and note the replacement procedure to avoid salting out.
  3. Install column in the direction of the arrow on the column label.

3. Analysis

3-1. Mobile phase

  1. Utilizable solvent types are the same as those used in conventional silica-based chemical bonding type columns.
  2. The range of pH for CAPCELL CORE PFP column use is between 2 and 9. In order to prevent the premature deterioration of columns, please ensure that the pH of mobile phase does not exceed this range.
    * Column life time varies depending on factors such as measurement temperature and organic solvent content of the mobile phase.
  3. Regarding the mobile phase, after fully degassing, remove insoluble matter and foreign particles by filtering through a membrane filter (0.45 µm or less). Incidentally, to prevent clogging of the column inlet filter by foreign matter, it is recommended that a liquid line filter be used.
  4. A mobile phase indicated in the column report is enclosed with the new column. In the case of displacement with other mobile phase containing a inorganic salt, note the displacement procedures to prevent precipitation.
  5. Avoid the following practices and factors to prevent column deterioration.
    • Frequent changes of the composition of mobile phase or a direct change to a mobile phase of poor compatibility
    • Sudden change of pressure at the column inlet
    • High column pressure due to use of a high-viscosity mobile phase
    • Use with water over prolonged periods

3-2. Preparation of sample solutions

  1. Preferably, dissolve the sample in a solvent of the same composition as the mobile phase.
  2. When a solvent with strong elution power is used as a sample solution, the peaks become broad and the resolution is reduced or the sample precipitates on the inlet side of column. Beware of such consequences.
  3. If insoluble matter remains in the sample solution, filter through a filter (less than 0.45 µm).
  4. Set the pH of the sample solution within the acceptable range of pH for the column.

3-3. Points to note in analysis operation

With CAPCELL CORE, because a core-shell structure substrate has been adopted, the specific surface area of packing material is smaller compared to totally porous material. Consequently, if you intend to change from a totally porous packing material column to a CAPCELL CORE product, and if you are used to injecting samples at the upper load limit, take note that it is necessary to reduce the sample loading volume.

4. Storage of columns

  1. Hermetically seal with accessory plugs and store in a cold place where temperature fluctuation is negligible.
  2. If the storage period is shorter than one month, displace the mobile phase with a mixed solution of water and organic solvent of the same composition as the mobile phase used (without acid or inorganic salt)(avoid the displacement with water alone).
  3. If the storage period is longer than one month, after the procedure in 2, displace the mobile phase with the solvent used in shipment (see the column report) and then place in storage.

5. About the column connection

For tubing, follow the instructions in Fig. 1. Inappropriate tubing, particularly when a tube used for a different type of column is used as is, the tip length beyond the ferrule (V in Fig. 1) may not match the length of the end fitting bore (L in Fig. 1), which leads to troubles.

Where L>V, dead volume occurs and may cause the broadening or tailing of peak, or limit separation performance.
Where L<V, inadequate sealing of the ferrule causes liquid leakage. Therefore, it is recommended that the ferrule be changed concurrently with the column change.

* After frequent column replacement the male-nut may present a crushed ferrule and cause liquid leakage. In such a case, tightening too hard may cause the head portion of the nut to break off. Therefore, replace the ferrule in good time.

Fig. 1

Fig. 1

6. Troubleshooting

Since it is impossible to enumerate all of the troubles associated with HPLC analysis work have diverse causes, only those which occur relatively often in and around the column are cited:

Symptom Causes Remedies
1. Rise in column pressure Clogging with foreign matter
1.Foreign particles, insolubles in eluants and sample solutions
2. Water deposits in the tubing
3. Fragments of plunger seal
4. Precipitation of sample constituents
• Clean the filter with an ultrasonic device or replace.
• Filter the solvent and sample solution through a membrane filter beforehand.
• Install a liquid line filter.
• Clean the tubing and replace the plunger seal
• Prepare the sample solution with the mobile phase
2. Splitting, tailing or broadening of peak 1. Occurrence of dead volume due to faulty tubing
2. Inappropriate conditions of mobile phase
3. Deterioration of column
*Restoration is impossible when deterioration of column or void in packing material bed has occurred.
• Dismantle the tubing once and reconnect.
• Ascertain pH, salt concentration, sample volume, etc.
• Ascertain sample solvent and injection volume.
• Verify column performance using the standard testing solution.
3. Retention time too long or unstable 1. Liquid leakage (this can be judged by the movement of pressure gauge on the pump)
2. Inappropriate conditions of the mobile phase
3. Insufficient time for column stabilization
• Inspect the liquid leakage from pump and tubing system.
• Take sufficient time for stabilization.
4. Retention time too short 1. Rupture (deterioration) of bonding group due to the use of strong acid or alkali
2. Inappropriate conditions of mobile phase
3. Insufficient time for column stabilization
• Verify column performance using the standard testing solution.
• Take sufficient time for stabilization.

While CAPCELL CORE PFP columns undergo strict verification of performance before shipping, if any defect is identified, please inform us or our distributor of it.
However, please take note that we are not responsible for matters related to column service life or problems caused by the failure to follow the above mentioned instructions for care and use. Please note also that we assume the product is assumed to have been delivered in good condition if no claim is made within ten days from receipt by the customer, and requests for replacement submitted thereafter will not be accepted.

October 1st 2012

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